99. Wei Guo, Lishan Zhao, Xin Gao, Zexian Cao and Qiang Wang, Accurate quantification of hydration number for polyethylene glycol molecules, Chin. Phy. B 27, 055101 (2018). (PDF)

98. Teng Xu, Guiping Ji, Zexian Cao, Ailing Ji, Metal-semiconductor transtion at a comparable resistivity level and positive magnetoresistance in Mn3Mn1-xPdxN thin films, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 51, 055303 (2018). (PDF)

97. Tongxu Yu, Lishan Zhao, Qiang Wang, Zexian Cao, Glass transition behavior of ternary disaccharide-ethylene glycol-water solutions, Chemical Physics Letters 677, 172-177 (2017). (PDF)

96. Longguang Liao,Yujun Zhao, Zexian Cao, Xiaobao Yang, Minimum Vertex-type Sequence Indexing for Clusters on Square Lattice, Scientific Reports 7, 392 (2017). (PDF)

95. Lishan Zhao, Liqing Pan, Zexian Cao, Qiang Wang, Mutual Effects of Glycerol and Inorganic Salts on Their Hydration Abilities, J.Phys.Chem.B 120, 13112-13117 (2016). (PDF)

94. T. Xu, Z.X. Cao, A.L. Ji, Lattice extension in Cu3NMgx thin films and the induced effect, J. Alloys Compd. 685, 423-427 (2016). (PDF)

93. Wang Qiang, Lishan Zhao, Chenxi Li and Zexian Cao, The decisive role of free water in determining homogeneous ice nucleation behavior of aqueous solutions, Scientific Reports 6, 26831 (2016). (PDF)

92. Wenbin Zhang, Tongxu Yu, Jing Fan, Weijie Sun and Zexian Cao, Droplet impact behavior on heated micro-patterned surfaces, J. Appl. Phys. 119, 114901 (2016). (PDF)

91. Lishan Zhao, Liqing Pan, Zexian Cao, Qiang Wang, Confinement-induced vitrification of aqueous sodium chloride solutions, Chemical Physics Letters 647, 170-174 (2016). (PDF)

90. N P Lu, T Xu, Z X Cao and A L Ji, Ternary Mn3NMn1-xAgx compound films of nearly constant electrical resistivity and their magnetic transport behaviour, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 49, 045308 (2016). (PDF)

89. Li-Shan Zhao, Ze-Xian Cao and Qiang Wang, Glass transition of aqueous solutions involving annealing-induced ice recrystallization resolves liquid-liquid transition puzzle of water, Scientific Reports 5, 15714 (2015). (PDF)
88. Nan Jiang, Xianjun Shao, Guanjun Zhang and Zexian Cao, Nanosecond-resolved discharge processes revealing detailed mechanisms of nonequilibrium atmospheric-pressure plasma jet of helium, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 43, 2212 (2015). (PDF)
87. Hui Wang, Jian-Tao Wang, Ze-Xian Cao, Wen-Jun Zhan, Chun-Sing Lee, Shuit-Tong Lee and Xiao-Hong Zhang, A surface curvature oscillation model for vapour–liquid–solid growth of periodic one-dimensional nanostructures, Nature Communications 6, 6412 (2015). (PDF)
86. Lu Kun-Quan, Cao Ze-Xian, Hou Mei-Ying, Jiang Ze-Hui, Shen Rong, Wang Qiang, Sun Gang and Liu Ji-Xing, On the mechanism of earthquake (in Chinese), Acta Phys. Sin. 63, 219101 (2014). (PDF)
85. Longguang Liao and Zexian Cao, Directional scaling symmetry of high-symmetry two-dimensional lattices, Scientific Reports 4, 6193 (2014). (PDF)

84. Jun Hu, and Zexian Cao, Water science on the molecular scale: new insights into the characteristics, National Science Review 1, 179-181 (2014). (PDF)

83. Cao Zexian, Intermediate sp-hybridization for chemical bonds in nonplanar covalent molecules of carbon, Chin. Phys. B 23, 063102 (2014). (PDF) (first compiled in 1999).
82. Zhengshi Chang, Nan Jiang, Guanjun Zhang and Zexian Cao, Influence of Penning effect on the plasma features in a non-equilibrium atmospheric pressure plasma jet, J. Appl. Phys. 115, 103301 (2014).(PDF)
81. Nianpeng Lu, Ailing Ji and Zexian Cao, Nearly Constant Electrical Resistance over Large Temperature Range in Cu3NMx(M=Cu, Ag, Au) Compounds, Scientific Reports 3, 3090 (2013). (PDF) (supplemental material)
80. Wenbin Zhang, Longguang Liao, Tongxu Yu and Ailing Ji, Ring deposition of drying suspension droplets (in Chinese), Acta Phys. Sin. 62, 196102 (2013). (PDF)
79. Wenbin Zhang, Tongxu Yu, Longguang Liao and Zexian Cao, Ring formation from a drying sessile colloidal droplet, AIP Advances 3, 102109 (2013). (PDF)
78. Rao Huang, Yun Du, Ailing Ji and Zexian Cao, Time-resolved photoluminescence from Si-in-SiNx/Si-in-SiC quantum well-dot structures, Optical Materials 35, 2414-2417 (2013). (PDF)
77. Longguang Liao, Wenbin Zhang, Tongxu Yu and Zexian Cao,A self-similar transformation for a dodecagonal quasiperiodic covering with T-clusters, J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 46, 245205 (2013). (PDF)
76. N.P. Lu, L.G. Liao, W.B. Zhang, T.X. Yu, A.L. Ji and Z.X. Cao, Growth of nano- and microcrystalline silicon thin films at low temperature by pulsed electron depositon, J. Cryst. Growth 375, 67-72 (2013). (PDF)
75. A. L. Ji, N. P. Lu, L. Gao, W. B. Zhang, L. G. Liao and Z. X. Cao, Electrical properties and thermal stability of Pd-doped copper nitride films, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 043705 (2013). (PDF)
74. Liao Longguang, Zhang Wenbin, Yu Tongxu and Cao Zexian, A single cluster covering for dodecagonal quasiperiodic ship tiling, Chin. Phys. Lett. 30, 026103 (2013). (PDF)
73. Xianjun Shao, Nan Jiang, Guanjun Zhang and Zexian Cao, Comparative study on the atmospheric pressure plasma jets of helium and argon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 253509 (2012). (PDF)
72. Wenbin Zhang, Rong Shen, Kunquan Lu, Ailing Ji and Zexian Cao, Nanoparticle enhanced evaporation of liquids: A case study of silicone oil and water, AIP Advances 2, 042119 (2012).(PDF)
71. L. Gao, N. P. Lu, L. G. Liao, A. L. Ji and Z. X. Cao, Nanocrystalline Si :H thin films grown at room temperature with plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition at a very high pressure, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45, 335104 (2012).(PDF)
70. Q. Wang, X. F. Huang, C. X. Li, L. Q. Pan, Z. H. Wu, T. D. Hu, Z. Jiang, Y. Y. Huang, Z. X. Cao, G. Sun and K. Q. Lu, Coordination variation of hydrated Cu2+/Br1- ions traversing the interfacial water in mesopores, AIP Advances 2, 022107 (2012).(PDF)
69. Lei Gao, Ailing Ji, Nianpeng Lu, Chaorong Li, and Zexian Cao, Fast vapor phase growth of SiO2 nanowires via surface-flow on Ag core/SiO2 shell structure, AIP Advances 2, 012187 (2012).(PDF) (supplemental material)
68. Nan Jiang, Jinglong Yang, Feng He and Zexian Cao, Investigation of Helium Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Jet by Schlieren Visualization , IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 39,11 (2011).(PDF)
67. Nan Jiang, Lei Gao, Ailing Ji and Zexian Cao, Helium corona-assisted air discharge, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 083301 (2011).(PDF)
66. L. Gao, A.L. Ji, W.B. Zhang and Z.X. Cao, Insertion of Zn atoms into Cu3N lattice: Structure distortion and modification of electronic properties, Journal of Crystal Growth 321, 157-161 (2011).(PDF)
65. Nan Jiang, Jinglong Yang, Feng He, and Zexian Cao, Interplay of discharge and gas flow in atmospheric pressure plasma jets, J. Appl. Phys. 109, 093305 (2011).(PDF)
64. C.R. Li, N.P. Lu, J. Mei, W. J. Dong, Y.Y. Zheng, L. Gao, K. Tsukamoto, and Z.X. Cao,Polyhedral to nearly spherical morphology transformation of silver microcrystals grown from vapor phase, Journal of Crystal Growth 314, 324-330(2011).(PDF)
63. C.R. Li, N.P. Lu, Q. Yu, J. Mei, W.J. Dong, J.L. Fu, and Z.X. Cao,Decahedral and icosahedral twin crystals of silver: Formation and morphology evolution, Journal of Crystal Growth 319, 88-95(2011).(PDF)
62. Cao Zexian,Thin Film Growth--Physics, materials and applications,Woodhead Publishing in Materials, 2011. (report)
61. Cao Zexian,Etymologicon for Chinese Physics Learners (物理学咬文嚼字),World Scientific, Singapore 2010. (report)
60. Ailing Ji, Du Yun, Lei Gao, and Zexian Cao, Crystalline thin films of stoichiometric Cu3N and intercalated Cu3NMx(M=metals): Growth and physical properties, Phys. Status Solidi A 207, 2769-2780 (2010). (PDF)
59. Nan Jiang, Ailing Ji, and Zexian Cao, Atomspheric preesure plasma jets beyond ground electrode as charge overflow in a dielectric barrier discharge setup, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 033302 (2010).(PDF) (report1) (report2)
57. Rong Shen, Xuezhao Wang, Yang Lu, De Wang, Gang Sun, Zexian Cao and Kunquan Lu, Polar-molecule-dominated electrorheological fluids featuring high yield stresses, Adv. Mater. 21, 4631-4635 (2009).(PDF)
58. Chao-Rong Li, Ai-ling Ji, Lei Gao and Ze-xian Cao, Stressed triangular tessellations and Fibonacci parastichous spirals on Ag core/SiO2 shell microstructures, Adv. Mater. 21, 4652-4657(2009).(PDF)
56. Nan Jiang, Ailing Ji and Zexian Cao, Atmospheric pressure plasma jet:Effect of electrode configuration, discharge behavior, and its formation mechanism, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 013308 (2009). (PDF)
55. Gao L, Ji A L, Li C R and Cao Z X, Stressed patterns on core/shell microstructures (in Chinese), Chinese Sci Bull (invited), No.7, 849-860 (2009). (PDF)
54. Rui Song, Rulong Liu and Zexian Cao, Effect of aluminum supply on aluminum-induced crystallization of amorphous silicon at low temperature,Phys.Status Solidi C6, No.3, 663-668 (2009). (PDF)
53. Jie Yin, Zexian Cao, Chaorong Li, Izhak Sheinman, and Xi Chen,Stress-driven buckling patterns in spheroidal core/shell structures, PNAS 105, 19132 (2008). (PDF) (reports)
52. C. R. Li, W. J. Dong, L. Gao and Z. X. Cao, Stressed triangular lattices on microsized spherical surfaces and their defect management, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 034108 (2008). (PDF)
51. Z. Y. Zhu, H. W. Zhang, S. F. Xu, J. L. Chen, Z. X. Cao and G. H.Wu, Large anisotropy of spin polarization in Heusler alloy Ni2MnGa induced by martensitic transformation, J. Appl. Phys. 103, 093704 (2008). (PDF)
50. Rao Huang, Libo Ma, Yun Du, Lei Gao, Chaorong Li, Cailan Yu, Jianping Ye and Zexian Cao, Effect of well confinement on photoluminescence feature from silicon nanoparticles embedded in a SiC/SiNx multilayered structure, Nanotechnology 19, 255402 (2008). (PDF)
49. Guoxin Cao, Xi Chen, Chaorong Li, Ailing Ji and Zexian Cao, Self-Assembled Triangular and Labyrinth Buckling Patterns of Thin Films on Spherical Substrates, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 036102 (2008). (PDF)
48. Xixiang Zhang, Bei Zhang, Shuyun Yu, Zhuhong Liu, Wenjin Xu, Guodong Liu, Jinglan Chen, Zexian Cao and Guangheng Wu, Combined giant inverse and normal magnetocaloric effect for room-temperature magnetic cooling, Phys. Rev. B 76, 132403 (2007). (PDF)
47. R.Huang, L.B.Ma, R.Song, Y.Du, H.J.Shi, J.P.Ye, Y.Lin and Z.X.Cao, Growth of nearly one nanometer large silicon particles in silicon carbide and their quantum-confined photoluminescence features, Nanotechnology 18, 445605 (2007). (PDF)
46. Y.Du, R.Huang, R.Song, L.B.Ma, C.Liu, C.R.Li and Z.X.Cao, Effect of oxygen inclusion on microstructure and thermal stability of copper nitride thin films, J. Mater. Res. 22(11), 3052-3057 (2007). (PDF)
45. B.Zhang, X.X.Zhang, S.Y.Yu, J.L.Chen, Z.X.Cao, and G.H.Wu, Giant magnetothermal conductivity in the Ni-Mn-In ferromagnetic shape memory alloys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 012510 (2007). (PDF)
44. S.Y.Yu, L.Ma, G.D.Liu, Z.H.Liu, J.L.Chen, Z.X.Cao, G.H.Wu, B.Zhang and X.X.Zhang, Magnetic field-induced martensitic transformation and large magnetoresistance in NiCoMnSb alloys, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 242501 (2007). (PDF)
43. L. F. Bian, C. G. Zhang, W. D. Chen, C. C. Hsu, L. B. Ma, R. Song and Z. X. Cao, Photoluminescence from Er-doped Si-in-SiNx thin films, Optical Materials 29,1071-1074(2007).(PDF)
42. Rui Song , Dongyi Guan, Libo Ma and Zexian Cao, Exceptionally large third-order optical susceptibility Ag:SrBi2Nb2O9 composite films, Materials Letters 61,1537-1540 (2007).(PDF)
41. A.L.Ji,Y.Du,C.R.Li,Y.Q.Wang and Z.X.Cao, Orogenic movement mechanism for the formation features in copper nitride thin films, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 25(1), 208-212 (2007).(PDF)
40. L.B. Ma, R. Song, R. Huang, Y. Du, J.P. Ye, Y. Lin and Y.Q. Wang, Tunable light emission and decaying process of photoluminescence from a nanostructured Si-in-SiNx film, Journal of Luminescence 126, 536-540 (2007).(PDF)
39. Chaorong Li, Ailing Ji and Zexian Cao, Stressed Fibonacci spiral patterns of definite chirality, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 164102 (2007).(PDF)(report1)(report2)(report3)(translation)
38. Z X Cao, R Song, L B Ma, Y Du, A L Ji and Y Q Wang, Visible light emission from innate silicon nanocrystals in an oxide matrix grown at low temperature, Nanotechnology 17, 2073-2077 (2006).(PDF)
37. A.L. Ji, R. Huang, Y. Du, C.R. Li, Y.Q. Wang and Z.X. Cao, Growth of stoichiometric Cu3Nthin films by reactive magnetron sputtering, Journal of Crystal Growth 295, 79-83 (2006).(PDF)
36. S. Y. Yu, Z. H. Liu, G. D. Liu, J. L. Chen, Z. X. Cao,G. H. Wu, B. Zhang and X. X. Zhang,Large magnetoresistance in single-crystalline Ni50Mn50–xInxalloys (x=14–16) upon martensitic transformation, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 162503 (2006).(PDF)
35. Ailing Ji, Chaorong Li and Zexian Cao,Ternary Cu3NPdx exhibiting invariant electrical resistivity over 200 K, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 252120 (2006).(PDF)
34. L.B.Ma, R.Song, Y.M.Miao, C.R.Li, Y.Q.Wang, and Z.X.Cao,Blue-violet photoluminescence from amorphous Si-in-SiNx thin films with external quantum efficiency in percentages, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 093102 (2006).(PDF)
33. A. L. Ji, C. R. Li, Y. Du, L. B. Ma, R. Song and Z. X. Cao, Superplasticity of copper nitride thin films arising from crystallite gliding, Nanotechnology 16,2092-2095 (2005).(PDF)
32. C. R. Li, X. N. Zhang and Z. X. Cao, Triangular and Fibonacci number patterns driven by stress on core/shell microstructures, Science 309, 909-911 (2005).(PDF)(online supporting materials)(report1)(report2)(report3)(report4)(report5)(report6)(report7)(report8)(report9)(report10)
31. C. Liu, Y. P. Zhao, Q. P. Sun, T. X. Yu, Z.X.Cao, Characteristic of microscopic shape memory effect in a CuAlNi alloy by nanoindentation, J. Mater. Sci. 40, 1501-1504 (2005).
30. Y. Du, A. L. Ji, L. B. Ma, Y. Q. Wang, Z.X.Cao, Electrical conductivity and photoreflectance of substoichiometrical copper nitride thin films deposited at low temperature, J. Cryst. Growth 280, 490-494 (2005).(PDF)
29. Cheng Liu, Chaorong Li, Ailing Ji, Libo Ma, Yongqian Wang, Zexian Cao, Exploring extreme particle density and size for blue photoluminescence from as-deposited amorphous Si-in-SiNxfilms, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 223111 (2005).(PDF)
28. A.L.Ji, Y.Du, L.B.Ma, and Z.X.Cao, Effect of substrate temperature on growth of Al-C-N thin films by reactive magnetron sputtering, J. Cryst. Growth 279, 420-424 (2005).(PDF)
27. A.L.Ji, L.B.Ma, C.Liu, C.R.Li, Z.X.Cao, Synthesis and Characterization of Superhard Aluminum Carbonitride Thin Films, Diamond and Relat. Mater. 14(8), 1348-1352(2005).(PDF)
26. C.Liu, Y.Q.Wang, Z.X.Cao, Intense blue photoluminescence from Si-in-SiNx thin film with high-density nanoparticles, Nanotechnology 16, 940-943 (2005). (PDF)
25. Zheng-Wei Xie, Ze-Xian Cao, E.I.Kats, W.M.Liu, Nonlinear dynamics of a dipolar Bose-Einstein condensate in an optical lattice, Phys. Rev. A 71, 025601 (2005). (PDF)
24. A.L.Ji, L.B.Ma, C.Liu, P.Zheng, C.R.Li, and Z.X.Cao, Nanoindentation and Photoreflectance Study on Polycrystalline Ternary Al-C-N Thin Films, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 021918(2005). (PDF)
23. X.N.Zhang, C.R.Li, Z.Zhang, and Z.X.Cao, Self-assembly of Ag/SiOx spherules in triangular pattern on strained surface of primary particles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3570(2004). Chosen to appear on the cover.(PDF)
22. Z.X.Cao, H.Oechsner, Effect of Concurrent N2+ and N+ ion Bombardment on the Physical Vapor Deposition of Nitrides Thin Films, JVST A 22(2), 321(2004). (PDF)
21. L.B.Ma, C.Liu, Y.Q.Wang, Z.X.Cao, Low Temperature Growth of Amorphous Si Nanoparticles in Oxide Matrix for Efficient Visible Photoluminescence, JVST B 22, 2654(2004). (PDF)
20. Z.X.Cao, H.Oechsner, Optical and Mechanical Characteristics of Nanocrystalline Boron Carbonitride Films Synthesized by Plasma-assisted Physical Vapor Deposition, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1186 (2003). (PDF)
19. Y.Q.Wang, Y.G.Wang, L.Cao and Z.X.Cao, High-Efficiency Visible Photoluminescence from Amorphous Silicon Nanoparticles Embedded in Silicon Nitride, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 3474 (2003). (PDF)
18. Y.Q.Wang, Z.X.Cao, Amorphous silicon nanoparticles in compound films grown on cold substrates for high efficiency photoluminescence, Nanotechnology 14, 1235-1238(2003).(PDF)
17. Z.X.Cao, Plasma Enhanced Deposition of Silicon Carbonitride Films and Property Characterization, Diamond & Relat. Mater. 11, 16-21 (2002). (PDF)
16. W.B.Yang, F.X.Lu, Z.X.Cao, Growth of Nanocrystalline Diamond Protective Coatings on Quartz Glass, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 10068 (2002). (PDF)
15. Z.X.Cao, L.M.Liu, H.Oechsner, Plasma Assisted Deposition of Nanocrystalline BCN Thin Films and Property Characterization, JVST B. 20, 2275-2280 (2002). (PDF)
14. Z.X.Cao, Electron Cyclotron Wave Resonance Plasma Assisted Deposition of Cubic Boron Nitride Thin Films, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A 19(2), 485-489 (2001). (PDF)
13. Z.X.Cao, Electronic Structure and Stability of C20 Cluster, Chin. Phys. Lett. 18(8), 1060 (2001). (PDF)
12. Z.X.Cao, Ion Energy Dependence of Film Properties for Diamond Like Carbon Prepared with Plasma Assisted Deposition, J. Mater. Res. 16(11), 3034-3037 (2001).(PDF)
11. Z.X.Cao, Equilibrium Segregation of Sulfur to the Free Surface of Single Crystalline Titanium, J. Phys.: Cond. Mater. 13, 7923-7935 (2001). (PDF)
10. Z.X.Cao, Nanocrystalline Silicon Carbonitride Thin Films Prepared by Plasma Beam Assisted Deposition, Thin Solid Films 401(1-2), 94-101 (2001). (PDF)
9. Z.X.Cao, Stoichiometric cBN Films Deposited by Electron-cyclotron-wave-resonance Plasma sputtering of hBN, Diamond & Relat. Mater. 9, 1881(2000). (PDF)
8. Z.X.Cao, H.Oechsner, On the Formation of Concentration Profiles by Low-energy Ion Bombardment and sputter Depth Profiling, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. B 170, 53 (2000).(PDF)
7. Z.X.Cao, H.Oechsner, Concentration microprofiles in iron silicides induced by Low-energy Ar+ Ion Bombardment, Nucl. Instrum. and Meth. B 168, 192 (2000).(PDF)
6. Z.X.Cao, Auger Electron Spectroscopy Sputter Depth Profiling technique for Binary Solids, Surf. Sci. 452, 220 (2000).(PDF)
5. Kehui Wu, E.G.Wang, Z.X.Cao, Z.L.Wang, X.Jiang, Microstructure and its effect on field electron emission of grain-size-controlled nanocrystalline diamond films, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 2967 (2000). (PDF)
4. Z.X.Cao, J.D.Guo, E.G.Wang, Electron Spectroscopy Study of Amorphous CN:Ti Films, Chin. Phys. Lett. 16(12), 928 (1999).(PDF)
3. Z.X.Cao, E.G.Wang, Y.X.Nie, Sputtering Behavior of Iron Silicides under Low-energy Ar-Ion Bombardment, Act Metallurgica Sinica (English Letter), 12, 1247 (1999).
2. Z.X.Cao, R.Mueller, E.G.Wang, Y.X.Nie, Equilibrium Segregation to Free Surface: Kinetics and Experiment, Chin. Phys. Lett.16(5), 364 (1999).(PDF)
1. Wang Kelin and Cao Zexian, Soliton-like bipolaron in motion, Phys. Lett. A 163, 68 (1992).